Treatment Objectives

Endocrine Disorder

Endocrine Disorder Treatment

Endocrine disorder treatment is often based on the severity of symptoms. For many patients, the symptoms may be mild enough not to require immediate treatment. Symptoms usually arise when there is an excess of hormone production or there is a deficit. Correcting the hormonal imbalance is the first strategy when symptoms become bothersome and most likely is done through synthetic hormone administration.  Where there is the presence of a noncancerous tumour causing symptoms, the patient may have to undergo surgery or radiation therapy. A qualified endocrinologist will help a patient identify the underlying cause through specialised diagnosis. At that point, it will be clear which treatment is best suited in resolving the symptoms. As certain endocrine disorders may lead to health complications down the line, it is important to keep a close check on the patient’s hormone levels. Addison’s disease and hypothyroidism are endocrine disorders that can have serious health implications if not controlled medically. Diabetes is another endocrine disorder with the potential to be life-threatening if poorly managed.

Complications related to endocrine disorders

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Poor quality of life
  • Heart disease
  • Nerve Damage
  • Coma (hypothyroidism)
  • Organ Damage

Medical Cannabis Treatment for Endocrine Disorders

As we are aware, the body’s natural endocannabinoid system helps in the regulation of the body’s activities., particularly in the maintenance of homeostasis (balance). These endocannabinoid type molecules also have been found to have anti-cancer effects on thyroid tumours in lab and studies involving animals. Endocannabinoid receptors have been located in regions of the brain that are responsible for sending out signals to the thyroid gland.


In 2009 there was a research study that reported in the Journal of Endocrinology the abundance of CB1 receptors present on nerves in the brain that have involvement in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and its regulation. This area controls the production of hormones by the thyroid gland. This distribution shows there is great potential for both excitatory and inhibitory inputs on this system.

Statistics in Australia for Endocrine Disorders

Statistically there is a large amount of information relating to the cause and development of endocrine disorders in Australia. 

What are Endocrine Disorders?

The endocrine system is a critical regulatory system within the body. The endocrine system produces and uses hormones to regulate the body and all of its functions. Hormones are chemical messages or signals that are sent out or secreted throughout the bloodstream. It is our hormones that help regulate these critical processes in the body, such as breathing, eating and growing. Endocrine disorders are diseases that affect the endocrine system and the glands of the body it regulates. Endocrinology is the branch of medicine that is associated with endocrine disorders.

To better understand just what can go wrong with the endocrine system, one is better served by an introduction to the glands.

The Glands of the Endocrine System

The endocrine system is made up of:

  • the pituitary gland
  • thyroid gland
  • parathyroid glands
  • adrenal glands
  • pancreas
  • ovaries (in females)
  • testicles (in males)

In general, a gland has the job of selecting and removing particular materials from the blood. It processes them; then it secretes the finished product within the body for its best and ultimate purpose. Hormones circulate throughout the body., yet each type of hormone has a specific target – individual organs and tissues for which it is responsible.  The endocrine system receives help from organs too., such as the kidney, liver, heart and the gonads, all which have secondary endocrine functions.

Endocrine Disorders

Addison’s Disease
Adrenal Cancer
Adrenal Disorders
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
Cushing’s Syndrome
De Quervain’s Thyroiditis
Follicular Thyroid Cancer
Gestational Diabetes
Graves’ Disease
Growth Disorders
Growth Hormone Deficiency
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Hurthle Cell Thyroid Cancer
Low Testosterone
Medullary Thyroid Cancer
Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Parathyroid Diseases
Pituitary Disorders
Pituitary Tumors
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Silent Thyroiditis
Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid Diseases
Thyroid Nodules
Turner Syndrome
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes

Diseases of the endocrine system

Hormones are supposed to be balanced. When hormone levels are too high or too low., it usually indicates a problem within the endocrine system. The disease occurs when a person’s body loses the capability to respond as it should to hormonal communication.  Hormone imbalances have impact throughout the body in different areas. For women it can even affect the reproductive system.

The Pituitary Gland is often referred to as “The Master Gland” for it controls the function of most of the other endocrine glands.

Pituitary disorders are usually diagnosed with hormone tests. If any abnormalities have detected a brain, MRI may be requested for diagnoses.

Signs and Symptoms that could indicate a pituitary tumour:

  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Depression
  • Infertility
  • Severe vision problems
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome

Examples of pituitary gland diseases are:

  • Acromegaly
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
  • Hypogonadism (low sex hormone levels)

The Thyroid Gland

Health issues can represent themselves symptomatically because of the over or under functioning of the thyroid gland. Essential in the production of thyroid hormones and the maintenance of the body metabolism, thyroid disease can often lead to the enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck.

Symptoms and signs of thyroid disease

  • Nervousness
  • Tremors
  • Mental fog
  • Depression
  • Bloating
  • Weight gain
  • Menstrual fluctuations
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Aches and pains:
  • High cholesterol
  • Heat intolerance or feeling cold

Examples of thyroid gland diseases are:

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Thyroid Nodules
  • Graves Disease

The Adrenal Gland

Getting a diagnosis for an adrenal disease requires assistance from a qualified endocrinologist, to determine whether the functionality of the adrenal gland is amiss. Hormones that are produced by the adrenal gland are measured in the blood, the urine and the saliva.

Signs and symptoms of Adrenal Disease

  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • vague abdominal pain
  • nausea and vomiting
  • low blood pressure
  • dizziness

Examples of adrenal gland diseases are:

  • Addisons Disease
  • Cushings Syndrome
  • Adrenal Fatigue

The Parathyroid Gland

When there is a disease in the parathyroid gland, it has the potential to decrease the life expectancy in all patients by up to 6 years if the tumour present is not removed abruptly.

Signs and symptoms of Parathyroid Disease

With parathyroid disease, it is definitely apparent that something is not right with the patient’s health. Symptoms are typically very noteable and removal of the tumour makes a huge difference in how the patient feels.

  • Fatigue
  • Memory loss
  • Kidney stones
  • Osteoporosis
  • Lack of Energy
  • Feelings of being unwell
  • Heartburn
  • Little to no sex drive
  • Hair thinning
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High liver function tests
  • Abnormal blood protein tests

Examples of parathyroid gland diseases are:

  • Hyperparathyroidism

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